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Civic Education NECO 2016 Free Expo Answers

Wednesday 8th june
CIVIC EDUCATION (obj and essay) 10:00am-1:30pm

Civic obj

Answer TWO
(1) Identify and explain five types of youth empowerment skills
(2a) Define the term responsible parenthood
(b) Briefly explain five importance of responsible parenthood
(c) List three fundamental rights of Nigerian citizen
(3a) Write the full meaning of HIV/AIDS
(b) Explain five effects associated with HIV/AIDS infections
(c) List three preventive measures
(4) List and explain five behavioural warning signs exhibited by drug addicts

Answer any TWO
(5) Discuss five points that promote national consciousness, unity and integrity in Nigeria
(6) Mention and explain five ways of political participation
(7) Discuss five negative impacts associated with emergency rule
(8a) What is political apathy
(b) Mention five forms of political apathy
(c) List and explain four ways of discouraging political apathy.

-Life Coping Skills
-Manipulative Skills
-Intellectual Skills
-Communicative Skills
-Artistic Skills.

1. Life Coping Skills These are natural skills which every organism including man, acquires from birth to adapt fittingly in his or its environment. They are survival Instincts or skills. They are natural things we do to survive, avert dander and assert our individuality, e.g., crude farming, running on an errand, hunting, learning to make shelter, fishing, obeying laws and authorities, avoiding conflicts, etc

2. Manipulative Skills : these skills are seen in skills acquisition centres as it involves economic activities that inculcate skills such as technical education. Wap-baze.com, Computer, field events, mining, manufacturing, technological works, scientific experiments, construction, engineering, productive ventures, gadgets and machine manipulations (whether digital or analogue), building, wielding, carpentry, mechanics etc.

3. Intellectual Skills : these skills are coordinates in character. It is the literary or theoretical frameworks that guide the practical aspects of the works, economic and scientific undertakings. In the primary sense, it is called brain work. Without the intellectual skills, no other skills can function as they are the master minds, motivators and co-coordinators.

4. Communicative Skills : Communication is a very important aspect of our life. Man evolved communications skills as a social being to enable him pass or send information from one person to the other or from place to place. Communicative skills assist the intellectual skills to be expressed adequately and specifically.

5. Artistic Skills: These are close to communicative skills and are more complex. Includes they art of good writing, fine and applied arts, music and drama. These skills make effective use of all the other four kinds of skills where necessary


2a), Responsible parenthood suggests the responsibility of parents to guide ,protect and provide for the basic needs of their children.it also means parenting with unconditional love which could last a life time

1. Providing for the household
financial needs: It is the responsibility
of the parents (most especially the
father) to look for money to keep the
2. Caring for the family: The
parents (father and mother) must
prove that they are responsible by
caring so well for the children.
3. Giving the children education:
Responsible parents are expected to
give the children qualitative education
at home and school.school. Wap-baze.com
4. Accommodation: It is the duty of
the parents to provide accommodation
for their children.
5. Cultural training: Responsible
parents are expected to train their
children cultural heritage. Let them
know the customs and traditions of
your people.

2C)..i .right to life,security and privacy
ii. right to education
iii.freedom of movement

-AIDS stands for Acquired immune
deficiency syndrome.
-HIV : Human immunodeficiency virus.

- Inflammation of the Brain and Spinal Cord
- HIV increases the risk of colds, influenza, and pneumonias.
-Without preventive treatment, people with advanced HIV are susceptible to tuberculosis, pneumonia, and a disease called pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). PCP causes trouble breathing, cough, and fever. Wap-baze.com
-HIV/AIDS raises the risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH s a type of high blood pressure in the arteries that supply the lungs.

-Limit your number of sexual partners.
-Get tested and know your partner´┐Żs HIV status.
- Get tested and treated for STDs.


Political apathy is the lack of interest in taking
active politics either or voting or being voted for or
having no share in political participation

(i) Refusal to join a political party
(ii) Refusal to vote or voted for
(iii) Interest in bribery and corruption
(iv) Rigging of election

(i) Defending the fundamental human rights of
(ii) Making leaders accountable to the people who
elected them
(iii) Inculcating civil rules
(iv) Establishing corrupt free electoral body that
would acts as an impartial umpire in the electoral


i)Running for Office:

Another avenue for political
participation is running for office. Being
a public official requires a great deal of
dedication, time, energy, and money.
About 3 percent of the adult population
holds an elected or appointed public
Participating by Protesting:

Political protest activity represents
another sphere of political participation.
Protests involve unconventional, and
sometimes unlawful, political actions
that are undertaken to gain rewards
from the political and economic system.
Protest behavior can take many forms.
People can engage in nonviolent acts of
civil disobedience where they
deliberately break a law that they
consider to be unjust. This tactic was
used effectively during the 1960s civil
rights movement .


Being a Part of Civil Society

About half the population takes part in
national and community political affairs
by joining an interest group, issue-based
organization, civic organization, or
political party. Organizations with the
goal of promoting civic action on behalf
of particular causes, or single-issue
groups, have proliferated. These groups
are as diverse as the People for the
Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA),
which supports animal rights, to the
Concord Coalition, which seeks to protect
Social Security benefits.


by protest

A protest is an expression of
objection, by words or by actions,
to particular events, policies, or
situations. Protests can take many
different forms, from individual
statements to mass
demonstrations. Protesters may
organize a protest as a way of
publicly making their opinions
heard in an attempt to influence
public opinion or government


Contacting Public Officials

Expressing opinions to leaders is one
avenue of political participation. The
number of people contacting public
officials at all levels of government has
risen markedly over the past three
decades. Seventeen percent of Americans
contacted a public official in 1976. By
2008, 44 percent of the public had
contacted their member of Congress
about an issue or concern. E-mail has
made contacting public officials cheaper
and easier than the traditional method
of mailing a letter.


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