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Geography 2015 Neco Answers Available Now!!!





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Friday 19th June Paper II: Essay – Geography –
10:00am – 12:00noon

GEOGRAPHY THEORY
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1a)
Polulation density is defined as the number of
people per square kilometer of land .
1b)
i ) Quality of soil ; This promotes good
agricultural yield and therefore supports high
population.
ii ) Industrial and Commerial activities : If there
is not enough industries the area or conutry
crop will migrate to another area which affect
the population density .
1c)
The human land physical factors each that
favour population growth; The world are
i ) Availability of water: Water is reddily
available for both domestic and industrial
purpose offten attract high population.
ii ) Climate ; It attract high
population, concentration than areas where the
climate is not condusive.
iii ) Soil : Fertile soil tends to attract high
population concentration than area that are
infertile .
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2b)
i ) It leads to the spread of disease eg AIDS .
ii ) It can lead to break down of traditional value
and ways of life of the local people .
iii ) Over dependence of a conutry on tourism
industry is risky .
iv )
2c)
i ) Abundace of wide space : space is necessary
in order to allow people to move about
whenever they come to vist the place .
ii ) There should be a stable political
atmosphere
iii ) Strategic positioning : This simply means
that a tourist centre is a thing or place that
should be built where people will notice it .
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3a)
( i )
Access to raw material ; This is the major
factor affecting cement factory, when the raw
materials are in bulk with a high cost in
transportation .
( ii )
Government policy : Government can play a
specife role towards the localisation of
industries either for economic, geography and
political
( iii )
Availability of marketing facilities ; The
concentration of industry in a particular area
could be a way by which product can early be
marketed .
( iv )
Availability of labour: Large pool of large pool
of labour encourages forms to come together
resulting localisation .
( v )
Research and traning centres ; Resreach and
taking centres can easily be jointhly estabilish
since all the industries involved are producing
similar product .
3b)
i ) dependence on inport raw materials
ii ) Inadequate capital
iii ) inadequate technological knowledge
iv ) Frequent changes in government
v ) Inadequate and infficient services
3c)
i ) By estabilishing industries local raw material
ii ) By obtaining intrest from loadns
iii ) By raising the level of technological
expertise.
iv ) There must be significant improvnment in
the level of servicing.
v ) Political stability in the country is necessary
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5a)
INTERNAL TRADE : is also known as home
trade may be defined as the exchange , buying
and selling of goods and services within a
country .
5b)
i ) Availability of good transport network:
transportation enhances internal trade by
looking different regions together by good
roads and railways .
ii ) Availability of wide market : this also favours
or encourage internal trade if a country can
consume the commodities being produced in
that country .
iii ) Availability of common currency : this will
encourage or favour internal trade if the
different regions of a country have the same
currency for
Instance [Nigera' s naira and kobo ] which will
make soles and purchases easier
iv ) Variation in climate: variation in climate
enables different regions of a country to
produce different product there by creating
room for internal trade
5c)
i ) Bad or poor transportation network e: g Bad
roads .
ii ) Spoilage of peristable products due to poor
storage and long distance transport e: g
meat, tomatoes , and vegetables
iii ) High rate of rural- urban migration
iv ) High rate of pests and diseass which attack
crops leading to low harvest .
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6a)
i ) Promotion of cooperation and development
ii ) Elimination of customs duties
iii ) Abolition of trade restriction
iv ) Establishment of commn traffic
vi ) Harmonization of agricultural policies .
6b)
i ) Trade liberalization : this has contribute
promotion of trade in weed africa .
ii ) Expersion of market ; this has led to mass
production and increase in supply of goods in
the part of the world .
iii ) Execution of joint projects: the community
serves as an avenue for the planning and
execution of joint projects by member state.
iv ) High standard of living : this resulted for the
increase in production and supply of goods
reduction of prices , free movement of labour
etc
6c)
I) PROBLEM OF LANGUAGE; differences in language has greatly militated against the
difficient functioning of the community .
II ) ESCALATION OF SMOGGLING: this problem
of smoggling is exacerbated by the free
movement of the community citizens.
III ) LACK OF ENOUGH INFRASTRUCTURE: this
has contributed immensely in delaying the achievements of the aims and objectives of the
community .
IV) NON - POLICY IMPLEMENTATION: this
problem led to the non- achievement of
anything by the community in is frist decoded
V ) CONGESTION; this is caused by article 27 of
the community charater which encourages
migration from one member - state to another .

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