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WAEC AGRIC 2014 Practical Answers/Solutions




STUDY THE
FOLLOWING SOLUTION VERY
WELL.
GOODLUCK

Agricultural practical 2014
solution:

IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIMEN

Specimen A. = Clay soil
Specimen B. = Sandy soil
Specimen C. = Millipede
Specimen D. = Cow dung
Specimen E = urea
Specimen F. = N.P.K 15,15,15
Specimen G. = Water
Specimen H. = Spears
Specimen I. = Sickles
specimen J = knapsack sprayer
Specimen K = wheel barrow
specimen. L = Tridax
specimen. M. = Carpet grass
Specimen. N. = Water leaf
Specimen. O. = Sugar cane
Specimen. P. = Sour dust
Specimen. Q. = Round worm
Specimen. R. = Bird
Specimen. S. = Liver of a
ruminant animal
specimen. T. = Heart of a
ruminant animal

Specimen A :- specimen A is a
clay soil because it has all the
properties of a Clay in a sample
of soil.

PROPERTIES/CHARACTERISTICS
OF THE SPECIMEN A

1. It has sticky and mouldy
particles when wet.
2. There particles are fone
power and smooth when dry.
3. It support water logging.
4. It has high water holding
capacity .
5. It is poorly aerated .
6. The particles are tightly
bound together with little pure
(air) 8 paces.

IMPORTANCE/USES OF
SPECIMEN A

1. It is the best soil for
establishment of fish ponds.
2. It is also used for moulding of
mud pots.
3. It can also be used for other
agribusiness activities such as
forest establishment .
4. It is also used for the building
of houses.

NOTE: 1. Soil texture is the
relative properties of sand,silt
and clay in the soil.
2. Soil structure is the
percentage or proportion of
different soil seperated in a
given soil sample .

SPECIMEN B

Specimen B is a sandy soil
because it has the proportions
of sand particles .

PROPERTIES / XTERS OF
SPECIMEN B

1. It is coarse granied and
gritty .
2. It does not support water
logging .
3. It is not sticky when wet.
4. It absorbs and loses water
easily .
5. It contains low nutrients.

METHODS OF IMPROVING
SPECIMEN B & A

1. By mulching
2. by planting of cover crops.
3. Avoid bush burning .
4. Application of manure .

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN B

1. It is useful in building
construction.
2. It is good for the cultivation
of few crops such as
cassava,groundnut etc.
3. It is also use for the
production of glasses and
ceramics.
+From www.ceebook.net
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
SPECIMEN A & B.
1. They all have soil samples
2. They are used for
agricultural purposes .
3. They all consists of soil micro
organism.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
SPECIMEN A & B
Under specimen A

1. It support water logging .
2. It has highly water holding
capacity .
3. It is poorly aerated
4. it does not support beaching .
5. It does not lose water easily .
Under specimen B

1. It does not support water
logging .
2. It has low water holding
capacity .
3. It is well aerated
4. it support beaching
5. it loses water easily .

DETERMINATION OF THE TEXT
OF SPECIMEN A & B.

1. By feeling
2. moulding
3. sieving
4. hydrometer method
5. by sedimentation .
COMPONENTS OF SPECIMEN A
& B
1. Air
2. Soil micro-organisms
3. water
4. Mineral salts

SPECIMEN C = MILLIPEDE

specimen C is millipede
xters/features of specimen C
1. Possession of body segments.
2. Possession OF jointed legs.
3. Presence of antenna
4. possession of stink gland
spores .

*Kingdom of specimen C is
Animelia .

*phylum of specimen C is
Arthropida .

*class of specimen C is Insecta .
*family of specimen C is
diplopoda .

ECONOMIC. IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN C

1. It reduces the market value
of food crops such as yam .
2. It is medicinal in nature .
3. It mixed organic matters and
the soil together .
4. It is also used for scientific
research purposes.

SPECIMEN = D
specimen D is cow dung .
SOURCES OF SPECIMEN D

1. Cattle
2. goat
3. Sheep
4. Pig
5. Birds (fowl )
6. Rabbit

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN. D

1. It returns nutrients to the
soil.
2. It also improves soil structure
and texture .
3. It prevents soi erosion .
4. It encourages the activities of
soil micro-organisms .
5. A source of income .
6. It has buffering effects on the
soil.

NOTES:

1. The drugs from poultry is
richer than all dungs from other
farm animals followed by the
dungs from rabbit .
+From www.ceebook.net

CHARACTERISTICS / FEATURES
OF SPECIMEN D

1. It is a farm yard manure .
2. It consists of macro-nutrients
such as nitrogen ,
phosphorus ,magnesium etc.
3. It is a by-product of farm
animals .
4. It enriches the soil.
5. It consists of dead organic
matters.

SPECIMEN E

Specimen E is urea fertilizer.
XTERS /FEATURES OF SPECIMEN
E
1. It is a single fertilizer .
2. It is a chemical or inorganic
fertilizer .
3. It consists of nitrogen .
4. Specimen E is a white
crystalline substance with the
chemical formula Co(NH2)2
5. it is highly water soluble .
+From www.ceebook.net
Other examples of single or
straight fertilizers are:
1. Ammonia liquor
2. potassium nitrate
3. sodium nitrate
4. calcium ammonium nitrate
5. aluminum nitrate
6. ammonium sulphate

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN E

1. A source of income
2. It returns nutrients to the
soil.
3. It also help to improve soil
structure and texture .
4. It also help to improved soil
micro-organisms.
SOURCES OF SPECIMEN E
1. From animals urine
2. from animals dungs
3. from ammonia compounds.
SPECIMEN F
specimen F is N.P.K 15,15,15.
XTERS / FEATURES OF SPECIMEN
F.
1. It is a compound fertilizer .
2. It consists of
nitrogen ,phosphorus and
potassium .
3. It is a chemical / inorganic
fertilizer .
4. It is highly water soluble .
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN. F.
1. It is poisonous when eaten.
2. It is a good source of
income .
3. It improved the nutrient
availability of the soil.
4. They increases soil pH .
5. Specimen F also help to
increase crop yield .
Uses of specimen D,E and F in
agriculture .
1. They improve the structure of
the soil.
2. They also improve soil
aeration .
3. They also help to increase
the yield of crops .
4. They increase the fertility of
the soil.
5. They also increase the
activities Of soil organisms .
6. They also increase the
growth Of planktons in the fish
ponds.
METHODS OF APPLYING
SPECIMEN D,E and F.
1. Top dressing
2. by row or side placement
3. by broadcasting
4. by ring method
5. by folial spray
OTHER FORMS OF N.P.K are :
1. N.P.K 20-5-10
2. N.P.K 5-10-5
3. N.P.K 10-2010
NOTES :
1. Specimen F has a ratio of
1:1:1 of N,meaning equal
amount of nitrogen ,phosphorus
and potassium
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
SPECIMEN D,E and F.
• They are fertilizers.
• They all improves soil fertility.
• They consists of Nitrogen
Differences between specimen
D and E.
under Specimen D
1. Specimen D is an animal
dung .
2. It is obtained from animal
feaces
under specimen E
1. Specimen E is urea fertilizer .
2. It is obtained from animal
urine .
DIfference between specimen E
and F
Under specimen E
1. Specimen E is a urea
fertilizer .
2. It is a single fertilizer .
3. It is consists of mainly
nitrogen .
under Specimen F
1. specimen F is N.P.K 15-15-15.
2. it is a compound fertilizer .
3. it is consists of
nitrogen ,phosphorus and
potassium .
SPECIMEN G
Specimen G is water and It
occupied about two-third of
pures spaces.
IMPORTANCE/USES OF
SPECIMEN G
1. It serves as food.
2. It is necessary for plant
growth and government .
3. It help to sustains life.
4. It also aid for digestion of
food substance .
5. It is also used in industries
and domestic homes.
6. It also help in photosynthesis
in green plants.
7. It also used for irrigation .
SOURCES OF SPECIMEN G
1. Rivers
2. Lakes
3. Ponds
4. Springs
5. Rainfall
6. wells
TYPES OF SOIL WATER
1. Gravitational water
2. surface water
3. Capillary water
4. hydroscopic water
SPECIMEN H
specimen H is shears which is
similar in shape to a pair of
scissors but it is much larger
than scissors .
USES OF SPECIMEN H
1. It is used for trimming
hedges .
2. It is also used for pruning .
3. It can be used for cutting
flowers
MAINTENANCE OF SPECIMEN H
1. Store in a cool,dry place .
2. Sharpen the blades property.
3. Keep away from rain to
prevent rusting .
4. Clean or wash after use.
XTERS OF SPECIMEN H
1. it has a scissors shape
structure .
2. Possession of two short metal
blades.
3. Possession of bolt and nut .
4. Possession of two wooden
handles.
5. Possession of spring between
the handles.
SPECIMEN I
Specimen I is a sickle with a
curved blade fitted to a short
handle .
Uses of specimen I
1. It is used cutting grass
pasture for animals .
2. It is used for harvesting fruits
and cereal crops .
3. It is also used for weeding .
MAINTENANCES OF SPECIMEN I
1. Sharpen the inner edge/blade
regularly.
2. Store in a cool ,dry place .
3. Oil the metal parts before
storage .
4. Keep away from rain to avoid
rusting .
XTERS OF SPECIMEN I
1. Possession of curved blade
2. presence of short handle .
3. It consists of metal and wood.
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
SPECIMEN H AND I
1. Both consists of metals.
2. Both consists of woody
handle .
3. They consists of sharp blade .
4. Both are farm tools .
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SPECIMEN
H AND I.
under specimen H
1. It is a shears.
2. Possession of pairs of metals.
3. It is a scissors shape in nature
4. it is used for pruning and
trimming of plants.
Under specimen I
1. It is a sickle
2. possession of on metal .
3. It is sickle shape in nature
4. it is used for harvesting of
fruits and cereals crops
SPECIMEN J
specimen J is a knapsack
sprayer .
Other types of sprayers are :-
• Tractor -mounted prayer
• Helicopter mounted prayer
• Hard gun sprayer
• motorized sprayer .
USES/FUNCTIONS OF SPECIMEN J
1. It is used for irrigation
2. It is also used for spraying of
liquid fertilizers and pesticides.
3. It is also used to control the
growth of weeks through the
use of herbicides .
4. It is also used to control
insects through the use of
insecticides.
Xters OF specimen J
1. Possession of nozzle.
2. Possession of pump handle .
3. Possession of plastic
container.
4. Possession. Of flexible pipe.
5. Presence of extension pipe .
MAINTENANCE OF SPECIMEN J
1. Operate the specimen
according to instructions given.
2. Rinse the specimen properly
with water immediately after
any use to get rid of left-over
chemicals.
3. Turn the specimen upside-
down after use or cleaning .
4. Clean the nozzle and rinse
with water .
5. Store in a cool,dry place .
SPECIMEN K
Specimen K is a wheel-barrow
with a large metal or wooden
container with one wheel at the
front .
USES/FUNCTIONS OF SPECIMEN
K
1. It is used for carrying farm
inputs such as fertilizers etc.
2. It is also used to carry loads
to the market .
3. It is also used for
transplanting seedlings .
4. It is also used for carrying
farm outputs such as harvested
crops,slaughter animals etc
MAINTENANCE OF SPECIMEN K
1. Store in cool ,dry place .
2. Replace worn-out parts.
3. Paint the tool if necessary to
avoid rusting .
4. Clean the tool after use.
5. Tighten bolts and nuts on
wheels properly .
XTERS OF SPECIMEN K
1. Possession of one front wheel
2. possession of two handles.
3. It is used for carrying loads
4. possession of tyre .
OTHER FARM TOOLS THAT CAN
PERFORM THE SAME FUNCTION
AS SPECIMEN K ARE :-
1. Head pan
2. Bucket
3. Tractor-mounted container
4. container driven by work
animals .
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
SPECIMEN J AND K ARE :-
1. Both are used for carrying
farm inputs ;such as fertilizers.
2. Both are land operators
3. Both consists of handle .
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
SPECIMEN H,I,J AND K ARE :-
1. They have handle
2. they consists of metal parts.
3. They are hard operators.
4. They are farm tools .
SPECIMEN L
Specimen L is tridax which
belong to the family of cypsels .
 Botanical/scientific name of
specimen L = Tridax
precumbem
 method of dispersal = by
wind
 method of propagation = by
seed (that is sexual
propagation).
 Types of fruit of specimen L
IS simple dry indehiscent fruit .
OTHER FRUITS THAT CAN BE
DISPERSED BY WIND ARE:-
• Obeche
• emilia
• euphatorium
• goat weed
+From www.ceebook.net
CHARACTERISTICS OF SPECIMEN
L
1. Possession of pappus .
2. Presence of hairly pericarp
with seed.
3. It is dispersed by wind
4. the fruit has trianglar
structure .
5. Possession of hard seed coat.
SPECIMEN M
- specimen M is a carpet grass.
- Botanical name/scientific
name of specimen M is
Axonopus Compressure .
- Method of dispersal of
specimen M is by animals.
- Propagation of M is by
vegetative parts (ASEXUAL
PROPAGATION).
XTERS OF SPECIMEN M
1. Possession of roots
2. It is a creeping type of grass
3. It is a perennial plant
4. the stem have the tendency
to root at the nodes.
5. Possession of nodes .
6. It is very aggressive and not
nutritive .
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN M.
1. it helps to check erosion .
2. It is also used for decoration
of homes.
3. It is mainly planted in the
football pitches.
4. It is a good source of
income .
SPECIMEN N
Specimen N is water leaf plant .
• Kingdom = plantea kingdom
• Division = spermatophyts
• class = Angiosperm
• Botanical name/scientific
name is Talinum Triangular .
XTERS/FEATURES /STRUCTURAL
ADAPTATION OF SPECIMEN N.
1. Possession of tap root system
2. possession of succulent
leaves .
3. Possession of root hairs .
4. Presence of stem
5. presence of nodes and inter-
nodes .
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN N
1. It serves as food .
2. A good source of income .
3. A good source of victims and
minerals .
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
SPECIMEN N AND O..
1. Both have nodes.
2. Both are green plants.
3. Both consists of stem and
leaves .
4. Both produces flowers .
5. Both have succulent stem.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
SPECIMEN N AND O
under Specimen N
1. Presence of tap root system .
2. Broad leaf tip.
3. Possession of petiole ..
4. It is a dicot .
Specimen O
1. Fabros root system present .
2. Pointed leaf tip.
3. Absence of people
4. It is . monocot .
SPECIMEN. P
Specimen p is a saw dust.
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN P (EFFECTS OF P)
1. A good source of income
2. it is used in the poultry
houses.
3. It is also used in some
industries for making of books
and other materials .
4. It also perform the some
function as fine wood.
5. It increases the nutrient
contents of the soil when
decayed .
6. Specimen P habour pesis and
diseases.
7. It causes pollution is the
environment.
XTERS/FEATURES OF SPECIMEN
P
1. It consists of fine particles of
wood dust.
2. It is light and can be carried
by air.
3. Specimen P is mainly
obtained from plants.
• Sources of specimen P is all
vascular plants .
SPECIMEN Q
Specimen Q is round worm with
an elongated and cylindrical
body .
XTERS/FEATURES OF SPECIMEN
Q
1. It is elongated
2. specimen Q is cylindrical in
nature.
3. Possession of two pointed
end.
4. It is a hermaphrodite .
5. Possession of mouth and
anus.
6. It is an endoparasite .
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN Q
1. It causes indigestion and
conscription.
2. The effects results in loss of
appappetite ,weakness and may
lead to death .
3. It reduces the growth of host
animal.
4. The effect may affect the
respiratory organ of the host .
5. It reduces the blood of the
host.
Animals affected by specimen Q
are :-
1. Sheep
2. Man
3. Cattle
4. pig
5. Goat.
LIFE CYCLE OF SPECIMEN Q
(DRAWING )
CONTROL OF SPECIMEN Q
1. The pig should be dewormed
with piperazine drugs.
2. Good sanitation OF
environmen should be
maintained
3. proper feeding of the farm
animal.
4. Disinfectation of animal
houses .
5. Proper rotational grazing .
 Kingdom of specimen Q is
Animelis
 phylum. = Annalida
 Examples of specimen Q
are :- Ascaris ,guinea worm etc
 Botanical/scientific name of
ascaris is ASCARIS
LUBRICOIDES .
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Mr. Daniel - SPECIMEN R
Specimen R is a bird .
•
 Kingdom = Anemelia
 phylum = cordats
 sub-phylum = vertebrats
 Class = Aves
GENERAL XTERS OF SPECIMEN R
1. Possession of beak
2. Possession of feathers
3. possession of claws
4. possession of scales
5. Absence of teeth in their
mouth .
6. Possession of A pair of
walking legs.
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF
SPECIMEN R
1. The feather of specimen R
can be used for decoration.
2. It can also be used for
making pillows.
3. Specimen R reduces the
market value of food crops.
4. It is a disease vector .
5. A good source of food and
meat.
FUNCTIONS OF PARTS OF
SPECIMEN R MENTIONED.
1. BEAK = for picking of grains
2. FEATHER = for
flight ,protection and regulation
of body temperature .
3. SCALES = It protect the body
from bacteria infection .
4. CLAWS. = it is used for food
or for capturing of preys .
TYPES OF FEATHERS OF
SPECIMEN R
1. Quill feather
2. Convert/contoure feather
3. down feather
4. filoplume feather
GENERAL FUNCTIONS OF
FEATHER
1. It function as an insulation .
2. For incubation of eggs.
3. For identification of sex
4. For courtship display
5. it gives shape .
DISEASES OF SPECIMEN R
1. Coccidiosis
2. Now castle diseases.
3. Ringworm disease
COMPONENTS OF FEMALE
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF
SPECIMEN R
1. ovary
2. infundiblum
3. magnum
4. isthmus
5. interus
6. vagina
PROCESS OF EGG FORMATIONS
OVARY :- is the position where
eggs(ova ) are produced before
they are moved down to the
infundiblum .
INFUNDIBLUM :In the fundiblum
fertilization of eggs takes place
MAGNUM :- is the part where
albumen and chalaza are
formed
ISTHMUS :- is where the two
shell membranes are formed
and the shape of the egg is also
formed in this region.
INTERUS :- is also known as the
shell gland and it is where the
shell is formed from calcium
carbonate screted by the wall
of interus .
VAGIUS :- it is where the egg
stayed for some minutes before
it is laid through the cloaca .
+From www.ceebook.net
BY-PRODUCTS OF SPECIMEN R
1. Feather
2. faeces (dungs )
3. Bones
4. meat
5. blood
PARTS OF ALIMENTARY CANAL
OR DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF
SPECIMEN R AND THEIR
FUNCTIONS.
1. BEAK :- for picking of grains .
2. OESOPHAGUS :- for easy
passage of food materials.
3. CROP :- for temporary
storage of food material
(stuff ).
4. PREVERTRICULUS :- It
prevents food in the crop from
going out.
5. GIZZARD :- for granding of
food (ie. It function as teeth)
6. INTESTINE :- for absorption of
food.
SPECIMEN S
Specimen S is a liver of a
ruminant animal .
ANIMALS (organisms ) where
specimen S can be found are :-
1. Goat
2. Sheep
3. cattle
FUNCTIONS OF SPECIMEN S
1. For formation of red blood
cells in foetus .
2. For production of bile
3. for deamination of protein .
4. For regulation of blood sugar.
5. It also help for detoxification
of poisonous and toxic
substances in the body .
6. For storage of iron .
DISEASES OF SPECIMEN S
1. Gall stones
2. infective hepatitis
3. cirrhosis of the liver
4. diabetes mellitus
EFFECTS OF DISEASES OF
SPECIMEN S
1. Loss of weight
2. general weakness of the
body.
3. It leads to inability to digest
food properly .
4. It may lead to death
5. it also lead to loss of
appetite .
SPECIMEN T
Specimen T is a heart of a
ruminant animal.
ORGANISMS (ANIMALS ) WHERE
SPECIMEN T CAN BE FOUND
ARE :-
1. Goat
2. sheep
3. Cattle
FUNCTIONS OF SPECIMEN T
1. It helps to pump blood round
the body of the ruminant
animals .
2. It also help in blood
circulation .
3. It also help in transportation
of materials.
CHAMBERS OF SPECIMEN T
Specimen T is divided into four
chambers which are :-
1. Right auricle
2. Left auricle
3. Right vertricle
4. Left. Vertricle
The beat of specimen T occurs
in two stages which are :-
 Diastole
 systole
IMPORTANCE OF CIRCULATORY
SYSTEM
1. It circulates nutrients to the
body tissues.
2. It removes waste products
from the body tissues.
3. it assists in the distribution of
oxygen .
4. It consists of white blood cells
which help in combating
diseases.
5. It transports hormones and
enzymes within the body.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
MONOGASTRIC ANIMALS AND
RUMINANT ANIMALS .
UNDER MONOGASTRIC
ANIMALS
1. Possession of one stomach.
2. It cannot chew the cud
3. digestion is not aided by
bacteria .
4. It cannot digest cellulose and
fibres properly
RUMINANT ANIMALS
1. Possession of four stomach .
2. It can chew the cud .
3. Digestion is aided by
bacteria .
4. It digest cellulose and fibres
properly .





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